11/7/19 BESIDE or BESIDES?
Beside is a preposition meaning “at the side of,” “by,” “next to.”
Who’s that guy sitting beside Jane?
Besides can be used as a preposition with a similar meaning to as well as, to add new information to what is already known.
Besides literature, we have to study history and philosophy.
Who was at the meeting besides Jack and the Bensons?
Besides can also be used as a discourse marker meaning “also,” “as well,” “in any case.” It is often used to add a stronger, more conclusive argument to what has gone before. In this case, besides usually goes at the beginning of a clause.
I don’t like those shoes; besides, they’re too expensive.
It’s too late to go out now. Besides, it’s starting to rain.